Tuesday, June 15, 2021

10 popular questions about the domain

What is a domain?

A domain (domain name) is the name of a website on the Internet and its address. To understand this, let's draw an analogy: you were invited to a restaurant. To get there, you need to know its name and address where it is located. It's the same with online sites: to access a specific site, you need to know its Internet address. For example, to get to our site, you should type in the browser's address bar

10 popular questions about the domain

Why do I need domain names?

Each site on the network, in addition to the domain, has its own IP address. This is what the browser focuses on when searching for sites. The IP address consists of:

4 parts, each of which is separated by a dot, for example,, if the IP address you have 4 versions, the so-called IPv4;
8 alphanumeric groups, each of which includes four hexadecimal numbers separated by a colon, for example, 3050: 0db4: 81a5: 0120: 02 10: 1a1e: 1360: 4334, if you have the 6 version of the IP address-IPv6.

The domain name is necessary to make it easier for users to remember the addresses of the necessary sites.

DNS and domains

DNS - the Domain Name System (DNS). This is a technology that converts domains to IP addresses. In other words, DNS works as a translator from a human-readable language (site names) to a computer-readable language (IP address numbers).

What does the domain consist of?

All domains consist of several parts and these parts are arranged in a strict hierarchy. The domain name consists of:

  • a zero-level domain;
  • a first-level domain or domain zone;
  • a second (third, fourth, etc.) level domain or subdomain.
  • A domain of the second, third, fourth and higher levels is the left part of the domain name up to the dot. This is the name of the site created by the owner. In Facebook facebook.com domain, for example, Facebook is a second-level domain.

Subdomain (subdomain) - this is a domain name that is used inside the main domain. For example, you have registered a website bestsite.com. You can create sub subdomains on it.bestsite.com, sub1.bestsite.com, sub2.bestsite.com. The subdomain is always located to the left of the second-level domain (and so on) and is also separated by a dot.

A first-level domain or domain zone is the first part of the domain after the dot. In the facebook.com domain , .com is a first-level domain or domain zone.

A zero-level domain, so-called root domain , or root domain is a dot that is placed after the domain zone, but it is not displayed in the browser's address bar and is invisible to the user. For example, in the domain facebook.com -the null domain is the point after .com.

Not buying a domain, but renting it

Domain registration is usually called a purchase, but this is a substitution of concepts. You don't actually buy a domain, but rent it for a minimum period of 1 year. After a year, the lease of a domain name can be extended, and so on indefinitely, as long as this domain is relevant to you. However, as soon as you stop paying for the domain lease, it becomes available for purchase (lease) to other users. Each domain zone may have its own characteristics for the lease term. In some zones, you can rent a domain immediately for 10 years, in others-for a maximum of one year and renew it annually.

Domain lease renewal

If you haven't renewed your domain lease, your site will no longer work. Therefore, it is recommended to renew the domain lease 30-60 days before the end of the lease term. Please read the domain usage rules carefully with your registrar and try to renew them on time.

If you missed a payment and the rental period has expired, then, as a rule, you have an additional 30 days (the preferred extension period) during which you can extend the service. At this time, your site and mail on the domain will not work. Your domain is included in the list of free domains and potential buyers can start bidding on it at the domain auction. After 30 days, if you don't renew your lease, anyone can buy your domain.

When the domain is released

In the .rf, .ru, and .su zones, the domain status changes to “free " on the day following the expiration of the 30-day preferential extension period.

International domains become free 1-5 days after the expiration of the preferential extension period.

Of course, you can try to re-rent the same domain, but as a former domain owner, you will no longer have any advantages over other users. The domain will go to the first person to pay the rent.

How does a domain differ from hosting?

As we mentioned above, a domain is the name of your website on the Internet. Hosting is the place where the site is stored. In order for your site to be accessible to users on the network, it must be stored on a special server. Providing a site storage space on such a server is called hosting. In order for the site to work, you need to purchase both a domain and a hosting service.

How does a domain differ from a site?

A site is one or more linked web pages, and a domain is the name of the site. You can change the site's domain over time if it has become outdated. This is called rebranding. The content of the site remains the same.

Common mistakes when choosing a domain

We do not recommend using Cyrillic domains if your site is designed for an international audience.
You should not use a random alphanumeric set in the domain name. No one will ever remember such domains.

It is a bad strategy to try to register a domain based on a popular portal and change its name to some symbol, for example, instead of rozetka.com.ua write rosetka.com.ua. This will not cause users to trust your site, you will simply be considered scammers.

Don't use names that are too long and hard to read, for example, luchshayapizzavgorodenahoditsyapoetomuadresu.com. Such a domain will have traffic problems, and you will lose some of your audience, as users will make mistakes when entering the site name in the browser's search bar.

Don't use multiple hyphens in the names, for example, luchshaya-pizza-v-gorode-nahoditsya-po-etomu-adresu.com. There is nothing wrong with using a single hyphen, as long as it serves to improve the readability of the domain. If there are more hyphens in the domain name, it means that the domain consists of several words. A few words in the site name are harder to remember.

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